Table of Contents
Uber Apk Signer #
A tool that helps to sign, zip aligning and verifying multiple Android application packages (APKs) with either debug or provided release certificates (or multiple). It supports v1, v2, v3 Android signing scheme and v4 Android signing scheme. Easy and convenient debug signing with embedded debug keystore. Automatically verifies signature and zipalign after every signing.
- zipalign, (re)signing and verifying of multiple APKs in one step
- verify signature (with hash check) and zipalign of multiple APKs in one step
- built-in zipalign & debug keystore for convenient usage
- supports v1, v2, v3 and v4 android apk singing scheme
- support for multiple signatures for one APK
- crypto/signing code relied upon official implementation
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar --apks /path/to/apks
This should run on any Windows, Mac or Linux machine where JDK8 is installed.
- JDK 8
- Currently on Linux 32bit: zipalign must be set in
Command Line Interface #
-a,--apks <file/folder> Can be a single apk or a folder containing multiple apks. These are used as source for zipalining/signing/verifying. It is also possible to provide multiple locations space seperated (can be mixed file folder): '/apk /apks2 my.apk'. Folder will be checked non-recursively. --allowResign If this flag is set, the tool will not show error on signed apks, but will sign them with the new certificate (therefore removing the old one). --debug Prints additional info for debugging. --dryRun Check what apks would be processed without actually doing anything. -h,--help Prints help docs. --ks <keystore> The keystore file. If this isn't provided, will tryto sign with a debug keystore. The debug keystore will be searched in the same dir as execution and 'user_home/.android' folder. If it is not found there a built-in keystore will be used for convenience. It is possible to pass one or multiple keystores. The syntax for multiple params is '<index>=<keystore>' for example: '1=keystore.jks'. Must match the parameters of --ksAlias. --ksAlias <alias> The alias of the used key in the keystore. Must be provided if --ks is provided. It is possible to pass one or multiple aliases for multiple keystore configs. The syntax for multiple params is '<index>=<alias>' for example: '1=my-alias'. Must match the parameters of --ks. --ksDebug <keystore> Same as --ks parameter but with a debug keystore. With this option the default keystore alias and passwords are used and any arguments relating to these parameter are ignored. --ksKeyPass <password> The password for the key. If this is not provided, caller will get a user prompt to enter it. It is possible to pass one or multiple passwords for multiple keystore configs. The syntax for multiple params is '<index>=<password>'. Must match the parameters of --ks. --ksPass <password> The password for the keystore. If this is not provided, caller will get a user prompt to enter it. It is possible to pass one or multiple passwords for multiple keystore configs. The syntax for multiple params is '<index>=<password>'. Must match the parameters of --ks. -l,--lineage <path> The lineage file for apk signer schema v3 if more then 1 signature is used. See here https://bit.ly/2mh6iAC for more info. -o,--out <path> Where the aligned/signed apks will be copied to. Must be a folder. Will create, if it does not exist. --overwrite Will overwrite/delete the apks in-place --skipZipAlign Skips zipAlign process. Also affects verify. -v,--version Prints current version. --verbose Prints more output, especially useful for sign verify. --verifySha256 <cert-sha256> Provide one or multiple sha256 in string hex representation (ignoring case) to let the tool check it against hashes of the APK's certificate and use it in the verify process. All given hashes must be present in the signature to verify e.g. if 2 hashes are given the apk must have 2 signatures with exact these hashes (providing only one hash, even if it matches one cert, will fail). -y,--onlyVerify If this is passed, the signature and alignment is only verified. --zipAlignPath <path> Pass your own zipalign executable. If this is omitted the built-in version is used (available for win, mac and linux)
Provide your own out directory for signed apks
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --out /path/to/apks/out
Only verify the signed apks
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --onlyVerify
Sign with your own release keystore
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --ks /path/release.jks --ksAlias my_alias
Provide your own zipalign executable
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --zipAlignPath /sdk/build-tools/24.0.3/zipalign
Provide your own location of your debug keystore
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --ksDebug /path/debug.jks
Sign with your multiple release keystores (see below on how to create a lineage file)
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --lineage /path/sig.lineage --ks 1=/path/release.jks 2=/path/release2.jks --ksAlias 1=my_alias1 2=my_alias2
Use multiple locations or files (will ignore duplicate files)
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks /path2 /path3/select1.apk /path3/select2.apk
Provide your sha256 hash to check against the signature:
java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --onlyVerify --verifySha256 ab318df27
Process Return Value #
This application will return
0 if every signing/verifying was successful,
1 if an error happens (e.g. wrong arguments) and
2 if at least 1 sign/verify process was not successful.
Debug Signing Mode #
If no keystore is provided the tool will try to automatically sign with a debug keystore. It will try to find on in the following locations (descending order):
- Keystore location provided with
debug.keystorein the same directory as the jar executable
debug.keystorefound in the
debug.keystorepackaged with the jar executable
A log message will indicate which one was chosen.
Zipalign Executable #
Zipalign is a tool developed by Google to optimize zips (apks). It is needed if you want to upload it to the Playstore otherwise it is optional. By default, this tool will try to zipalign the apk, therefore it will need the location of the executable. If the path isn’t passed in the command line interface, the tool checks if it is in
PATH environment variable, otherwise it will try to use an embedded version of zipalign.
--skipZipAlign is passed no executable is needed.
v1, v2 and v3 Signing Scheme #
Android 7.0 introduces APK Signature Scheme v2, a new app-signing scheme that offers faster app install times and more protection against unauthorized alterations to APK files. By default, Android Studio 2.2 and the Android Plugin for Gradle 2.2 sign your app using both APK Signature Scheme v2 and the traditional signing scheme, which uses JAR signing.
APK Signature Scheme v2 is a whole-file signature scheme that increases verification speed and strengthens integrity guarantees by detecting any changes to the protected parts of the APK. The older jarsigning is called v1 schema.
APK Signature Scheme v3 is an extension to v2 which allows a new signature lineage feature for key rotation, which basically means it will be possible to change signature keys.
Signature Lineage File in Schema v3 #
This tool does not directly support the creation of lineage files as it is considered a task done very rarely. You can create a lineage file with a sequence of certificates with Google’s
apksigner rotate and apply it as
-- lineage arguments when signing with multiple keystores:
apksigner rotate --out sig.lineage \ --old-signer --ks debug1.keystore --ks-key-alias androiddebugkey \ --new-signer --ks debug2.keystore --ks-key-alias androiddebugkey java -jar uber-apk-signer.jar -a /path/to/apks --lineage sig.lineage (...)
Signed Release Jar #
The provided JARs in the GitHub release page are signed with my private key:
CN=Patrick Favre-Bulle, OU=Private, O=PF Github Open Source, L=Vienna, ST=Vienna, C=AT Validity: Thu Sep 07 16:40:57 SGT 2017 to: Fri Feb 10 16:40:57 SGT 2034 SHA1: 06:DE:F2:C5:F7:BC:0C:11:ED:35:E2:0F:B1:9F:78:99:0F:BE:43:C4 SHA256: 2B:65:33:B0:1C:0D:2A:69:4E:2D:53:8F:29:D5:6C:D6:87:AF:06:42:1F:1A:EE:B3:3C:E0:6D:0B:65:A1:AA:88
Use the jarsigner tool (found in your
$JAVA_HOME/bin folder) folder to verify.
Build with Maven #
Use the Maven wrapper to create a jar including all dependencies
./mvnw clean install
Checkstyle Config File #
This project uses my
common-parent which centralized a lot of
the plugin versions as well as providing the checkstyle config rules. Specifically they are maintained in
checkstyle-config. Locally the files will be copied after you
mvnw install into your
target folder and is called
target/checkstyle-checker.xml. So if you use a plugin for your IDE, use this file as your local configuration.
- Java 8
Copyright 2016 Patrick Favre-Bulle
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.